Friday, 01 Aug, 2008 Environment

Elephants Face Extinction By 2020


Elephants Face Extinction By 2020 Researchers claim that elephants face the risk of extinction as soon as by 2020 that will become a result of high death rate due to poaching.

African elephants are widely killed for their ivory and this tendency seems to continue at a quick pace. University of Washington biologists say that the public is unaware of the dangerous situation with the mammals.

In 1989 the elephants' death rate of 7.4 percent a year led to the international ban on the ivory trade. The recent studies showed that the death rate of African elephants is now 8 percent a year with the fact that the ban is absent today. Taking into account that the fatality rate among elephants 20 years ago was based on a population of more than one million and now elephant population is less than 470,000, the situation becomes marginal.

If the trend continues, there won’t be any elephants except in fenced areas with a lot of enforcement to protect them,” said Samuel Wasser, a UW biology professor, lead author of the research paper.

Scientists warn that today's tendency means that most of the large groups of elephants face extinction by 2020, unless serious measures will be taken.

Wasser developed special DNA techniques to find out the origins of elephant population ivory. These tools could be helpful as often poachers evade the law enforcement, killing the elephants in one country, but shipping the ivory from the neighboring nation. The recent research shows that poachers target specific areas for elephant's ivory. Authorities should consider this information to prevent the major killing of the elephants.

Wasser added that the situation is very serious and public pressure is needed for an international effort to stop the hunting. He explained that the extinction of elephants will lead to major habitat changes. Within a habitat, each depends on other species, contributing to the integrity of the habitat. The disappearance of the elephants will trigger the loss of other species that are adapted to live in these ecosystems.

Researchers said that it is important to concentrate the enforcement in the areas, where elephants come from before their ivory will be brought to a global crime trade network.

Source: Indo-Asian News Service.

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14 votes

//9 Feb 11, 2011 07:02 PM | posted by: Gariche
//4,do you know any websites forums except this to discuss the problem ?
15 votes

//8 Feb 09, 2011 09:41 PM | posted by: Gariche
I think it's unfair to exterminate animals crually as it's mostly done worldwide . Those practices are driven by commercial purposes .And if we don't move , the environmental balance will completely be destroyed.
13 votes

//7 Dec 11, 2010 08:28 AM | posted by: Hope
These poachers are mostly driven by greed, they should leave smthing behind for the next generation.
14 votes

//6 Oct 13, 2010 10:06 PM | posted by: coolio
this is great
17 votes

//5 May 26, 2010 05:35 AM | posted by: smiles
killing elephants is cruel. what have they ever done to you! think about it
18 votes

//4 May 05, 2010 06:05 AM | posted by: miriam
i think that humans should not kill elephants, elephants have the right to live.....................
17 votes

//3 Mar 09, 2010 04:04 PM | posted by: sammie
hi is it ok to kill the animals
17 votes

//2 Mar 09, 2010 04:02 PM | posted by: sam
how do you no that they will be exnct by haner for there skin bo 2020
19 votes

//1 Nov 25, 2008 05:42 PM | posted by: rohit manoj arey [InfoBIG]
oh it soo soo bad here this

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