Thursday, 14 Aug, 2008 Technology

Top 3 Main Battle Tanks and Fighting Aircrafts of the World's Most Powerful Nations


Click here to see an updated list of most powerful main battle tanks.

Most will agree with the fact that currently the three most powerful nations in the world are the United States, Russia and China. Below you will find some of the most powerful tanks and battle aircrafts developed by each of the three nations. This is of course our choice, so it's completely subjective. If you have any information on the topic that you could share, you are welcome and in the meantime you are free to read, compare and express your opinion.


Russian Federation


The T-90S represents one of the most advanced Russian tanks from the T-series. It features an improved firepower, mobility and protection. The tank was built at Uralvagonzavod, factory located in Nizhnyi Tagil, Russia. It is worth mentioning that the T-90S officially entered the service with the Russian armed forces in 1992.

The tank is developed for a crew of 3 people, its combat weight is 46.5 tons and it features a 4-stroke V-84ms diesel engine with 849hp. The fuel capacity of this battle machine is 1,600l. The range is 650km on paved roads and 500km on unpaved. The tank reaches a speed of 65 km/h.

The information provided by the American Foreign Policy Center says that Russia is currently working on upgrading its main battle tank to the new T-95 version. The features of the new generation battle tank are specified below:

  • -Diesel-electric propulsion
  • -125mm gun
  • -360° sensors and ECM and network-capability
  • -pro-active electric reactive armor
  • -Weight: over 55 tons
  • -ceramics-n-fiber armor, which would replace the usual steel armor
  • -virtual reality for the driver and gunner
  • -2 crew members will man the tank
  • -autoloader for 3 different types of ammo.

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Unites States

M1A2 Abrams

This MBT was developed by General Dynamics Land Systems, which produced the first M1 tank back in 1978, followed by the M1A1 tank, developed in 1985 and GDLS in 1986 by the M1A2. The latter is considered one of the best tanks in the world. However, it includes only a 120mm M256 smoothbore gun, which was manufactured by the German company Rheinmetall GmbH.

The tank is developed for a crew of 4 people, including driver, commander, gunner and loader. It weights 69.54 tons and its ground clearance is 430 meters. The tank reaches a speed of 67.72 km/h.

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People's Republic of China

Type 99/ZTZ99

This tank was developed by NORINCO and is currently the most advanced MBT in the People's Liberation Army. It entered the PLA service in 2001. The Chinese made a great improvement in the tank's firepower mobility, and protection. Due to the high unit price (about $1.9 million per tank in 1999) there were only about 200 ZTZ99 made.

The tank features a dual-axis stabilized 125mm/50-calibre ZPT98 smoothbore gun. It also carries Russian anti-tank missiles called 9M119 Refleks. These missiles are fired from a 125mm gun. ZTZ99 reaches a top speed of 80km/h and its weight is about 54 tons.

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Fighting Aircrafts

Russian Federation

Sukhoi Su-37 Terminator

When Su-37 was developed it was instantly shipped to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) air force as a multi-role version of Russia's previous generation Su-35. The aircraft has a number of features that make it different from other air fighters. It can make a preemptive hit at any air target, even those that are hard to spot. Su-37 has a multichannel redundancy and algorithmic security of all data and targeting systems. It can also hit ground targets at standoff range. The aircraft's all stages of flight and combat are automated.

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United States

F-22 Raptor

This is one of the newest fighting aircrafts in the armed forces of the United States. The F-22 represents a fusion of stealth, supercruise, maneuverability, and incorporated avionics. It has an upgraded supportability and thus is a great step in warfighting capabilities. Raptor is a powerful weapon in both air-to-air and air-to-ground combats.

It is one of the main weapons of the Global Strike Task Force. F-22 was developed to stop enemy's battle aircrafts from accessing the Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps.

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People's Republic of China

J-10 Multirole Fighter Aircraft

The J-10 is also called Jianji-10 or Jian-10. It features one engine and represents an all-weather multi-role battle aircraft. It was designed by Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute and built by the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC). The Chinese started working on the J-10 project back in the 1980s in order to compete with the fighters from the West (F-16) and Soviet Union MiG-29.

After the end of the Cold War the Chinese moved towards creating a multi-role fighter, which would perform beyond-visual-range air-to-air fight and ground attack. China looked forward to create an air power that could show high defensive and offensive potential.

This aircraft represents one of the highest achievements of China in the aviation industry. During the 1990s the J-10 program included lots of new technologies, such as composite materials, computerized flight-control system dubbed "fly-by-wire", improved radar and cockpit electronics, as well as computer-aided design and many more.

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So there you go, some of the most powerful weapons developed at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century.

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